Thursday , April 18 2024

Why is epilepsy more common among menstrual problems? Does it cause infertility?

Some people have the problem of epilepsy, especially women have the problem of epilepsy and hormonal differences. Seizures in women with epilepsy can affect hormones, which can affect fertility.

Such problems are common in women suffering from epilepsy

If epilepsy persists, problems like premature menopause and polycystic ovarian syndrome occur. These types of symptoms should not be ignored.

Female epilepsy patients often experience seizures (fainting) during the menstrual cycle, a condition known as catamenial epilepsy (CE). According to Herzog, these cramp patterns fluctuate with the menstrual cycle, and daily cramping (fainting) doubles during certain phases of the cycle, especially during menstruation.

Role of hormonal changes in epilepsy:

Two important hormones, estrogen and progesterone, play important roles in women's fertility. In animal and human studies, research has shown that estrogen induces seizures by affecting NMDA receptors and glutamate pathways. But progesterone exerts anti-seizure effects by affecting GABA receptors.

menstrual fainting

In women, catamenial epileptic seizures occur primarily during the menstrual cycle. This problem is more common during menstruation and ovulation than at any other time. Therefore, people suffering from epilepsy should be extra careful at this time.

What is the treatment?

In this case progesterone supplementation may be given in the form of vaginal suppositories or as an adjunct to standard anti-epileptic therapy. In addition, patients with catamenial epilepsy may be given clobazam, an anti-epileptic drug, to prevent exacerbations of menstrual cramps (seizures).

Infertility problem in women suffering from epilepsy

The problem of infertility is more common in women suffering from epilepsy than in other women. In women, hormonal problems like cramps, amenorrhea, premature menopause, irregular periods and polycystic ovary disease can cause problems in conceiving children. These changes in hormones are more common in women than men with epilepsy.

give proper treatment

If you have symptoms of epilepsy, get treatment and follow your doctor's advice. By doing this this disease can be controlled.