The skin is the largest organ of the human body and the organ exposed to the open air. Different weather conditions can be harsh on your skin, so skin care becomes extremely important in all seasons. Winters can generally be harsh as the chilly winds can leave the skin dry and cracked leading to irritation and may start to peel off causing rashes and irritation. Lack of sweat due to low humidity/dry air with cold temperatures, chilly winds are the major reasons. In winter, people resort to sitting in the sun for hours, while sun-drenching is essential for your vitamin D supplements, but sitting for long hours can be equally harmful for your skin. Prolonged exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays coupled with dry winter winds can dry out your skin.
Similarly, during summer our skin is exposed to high temperature and humidity which leads to itching and crawling sensations in the skin. This is aggravated by excessive sweating which attracts dust and other pollutants that get deposited on the surface of the skin when combined with the harsh sun rays.
Dynamic changes in weather can take a toll on the skin as it gets used to a specific temperature at a particular time. So whenever the weather changes from summer to winter, the air becomes dry which makes it difficult for the skin to maintain adequate hydration. This process of adjusting the temperature can cause cracks in the outer layer of the skin and inflammation leading to dryness and itching, all of which can adversely affect skin health. During the transition between the two seasons, the skin becomes vulnerable to irritation and inflammation.
But it is important to understand that temperature fluctuations alone may not cause any long-term damage to the skin, although there are some lifestyle changes that people take when the weather changes. Hot showers, prolonged exposure to the sun, living in centrally heated homes during winter, dehydrated during summer, inadequate hygiene and excessive exposure to air conditioners are some of the lifestyle habits that are potential contributors to skin damage. Huh.
Therefore, some basic eating habits along with a skincare routine that includes moisturizing regularly (along with the right moisturizers for winter and summer) are essential for healthy and supple skin:
- Moisturize your skin regularly – A good emollient and moisturizer can help keep your skin healthy when used on wet skin (natural coconut oil is one of the best)
- Keep yourself hydrated- Water consumption by an average human being is much less than normal in winter, this can further reduce the amount of naturally produced moisture in the body.
- Do not use harsh soaps – Use soap with a pH balance of 5.5, as it helps to balance the moisture.
- Diet rich in Vitamin C – Include natural sources of Vitamin C in your diet like orange, lemon/tomato juice. Vitamin C acts as a natural anti-oxidant that protects skin cells from any damage caused by exposure to UV rays
- Avoid frequent use of grainy face scrubs as it can lead to rashes and inflammation on dry skin.