Talking about the symptoms of TB, one of the most common symptoms of TB is a cough that lasts for a long time. It persists for more than 2-3 weeks. The cough that accompanies TB is not dry and also releases saliva and mucus.
Common symptoms of TB include coughing up blood, chest pain or feeling pain while breathing, rapid weight loss, extreme tiredness, fever, night sweats, chills, loss of appetite. When a person infected with TB coughs, sneezes, or laughs, the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria are passed from person to person through the air, causing TB. According to experts, these bacteria spread very easily, but despite this it is not so easy to get TB infection. It usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect the lymph glands, abdomen, spine, joints, and other areas of the body. There are two types of TB infection. latent TB and active TB. In latent TB, the patient is not contagious and shows no specific symptoms. In this the infection remains inside the body and it can become active at any time.
On the other hand, in active TB, the germs multiply and make you sick. In such a situation, you can spread this disease to others as well. Ninety percent of active TB cases are due to latent TB infection. Sometimes this drug also becomes resident, that is, some medicines do not work on its bacteria. If a friend or colleague has active TB, you are also more likely to become infected. People who live in or travel to regions such as Russia, Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean are more likely to develop TB because TB is common. People who are infected with HIV, who are homeless or in prison, or who take drugs through injection are more likely to spread it. Health workers treating TB patients also fall prey to it. Smokers are always at risk of TB disease.
Health experts say that treatment should be started immediately as soon as symptoms of TB appear. The longer people wait, the worse their condition becomes. If symptoms appear, a doctor should be contacted immediately. TB is usually treated in a 6-month course. Let us tell you that millions of people around the world are suffering from TB disease. This is a serious bacterial infection that affects the lungs. Gradually, it can spread to other parts of the body, like your brain and spine. This disease is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.