The name of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi is present as a permanent mark not only in the Indian public but in the whole world. The date of January 13 has a deep connection with Gandhiji. On January 13, 1948, he started a fast unto death in Kolkata (earlier Calcutta) against the communal hysteria arising out of the tragedy of Partition. Thousands of people participated in it, in which Hindus and Sikhs were in large numbers and many refugees from Pakistan also participated in it. After this, on January 18, 1948, at 11.30 am, more than 100 representatives of various organizations met Mahatma Gandhi and accepted Gandhiji’s conditions for peace, after which Gandhiji agreed to break the fast.
Rakesh Sharma, the first Indian citizen to go into space, was born on 13 January 1949 in Patiala. Rakesh Sharma is the only Wing Commander to have traveled to space as an Indian citizen. Sharma, a former IAF pilot, went to space on 3 April 1984 under the Soviet Intercosmos program from Soyuz T-11. The cosmonauts of the Soviet Union were also involved in this mission with him.
Some other important events recorded on the date of January 13 in the history of the country and the world:
1709 : The Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah I defeated his brother Kambakhsh in Hyderabad in the power struggle, who later died due to injuries.
1818 : The Rana of Udaipur made a treaty with the British government to provide protection to the Mewar state.
1849 The famous Battle of Chillianwala began during the Second Anglo-Sikh War.
1889 Assamese youth started their own literary magazine ‘Janaki’.
1948 Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, started a fast unto death in Kolkata to maintain Hindu-Muslim unity, which was the last fast of his life.
1949 Birth of Rakesh Sharma, the only Wing Commander to travel to space as an Indian citizen.
1964 Horrific communal riots between Hindus and Muslims in Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, in which at least 100 people were killed and more than 400 people were injured.
1993 The US and its allies launched an airstrike on Iraq on this day to enforce a no-fly zone in southern Iraq.
2006 Britain denies military attack on Iran over nuclear program.
2010 Due to the international financial crisis, Germany’s economy recorded a decline of 5 percent during the year 2009. It was said to be the biggest decline since World War II.
2020 The Lahore High Court has termed the special court that sentenced former Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf to death for felony treason as ‘unconstitutional’.