What should India do now? This question is very big and serious. India’s biggest exam is going to be held in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) today. The world is shocked to see bodies scattered on the streets of Ukraine and wants to pass a resolution calling for strict action against Russia. In such a situation, the big question is whether India will support the resolution or will refrain from voting once again.

Russia will be kept out of UNHRC

A resolution calling for Russia to be expelled from the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) for Russia’s actions in Ukraine will be introduced today. For this a special meeting of the United Nations General Assembly has been called. The United States is pushing for Russia’s removal from the 47-member Human Rights Council. If India does not participate in voting this time as before, it will only strengthen the hands of the West against Russia, while India would have been stronger if it had already withdrawn from voting. So what should India do? If India does not vote, Russia will indirectly oppose it, which could lead to decades of friendship. If India votes in favor of Russia, the policy of non-alignment will be questioned and the West will have a chance to point fingers.

Tough exam time for India

India’s non-participation in the vote will not help Russia, as it would require only two-thirds of the vote by member states present in the UN General Assembly to pass a resolution. So Russia’s embassy to the United Nations warned member states that not participating in the vote amounted to opposition to Russia, which Russia would consider at least friendly. The resolution against Russia is expected to be passed. If this happens, Russia will lose its membership in the 46-member council.

India did not participate even on the 4th March resolution

This time Lithuania is playing a persuasive role against Russia in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). India has no option but to vote in favor of the resolution as it could jeopardize its traditional bilateral ties with Russia. A resolution against Russia was also passed on March 4, when India said that an inquiry commission should be set up to verify allegations of human rights and international law violations during Russia’s military operation in Ukraine. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called for an impartial investigation into allegations of civilian casualties in Ukraine’s Bucha city, while India not only supported it but also strongly condemned the atrocities. However, India did not name Russia in its statement.

India also did not vote on the proposal brought by Russia

India has refrained from voting nine times in the United Nations over Ukraine. This includes elections to the General Assembly twice. India also did not participate in the vote on the resolution moved by Russia in the United Nations. This is an occasion seen by western countries as India’s support as the US and other western countries also did not participate in the vote to drop the resolution. Libya was last expelled from the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2011. At that time the resolution against Libya was passed unanimously.

Ukraine’s president requests tougher sanctions on Russia

Addressing the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Tuesday, Ukraine’s President Vladimir Zelensky called for those responsible for the genocide to be brought to justice and tried for war crimes. Ukrainian officials say bodies of at least 410 civilians have been found in cities around Kyiv. Zelensky said that Western countries should impose more sanctions on Russia. “Sanctions against Russia must be commensurate with the gravity of war crimes, as the world has seen in Bucharest,” Zelensky said in his late night address.

Western countries have fired several Moscow diplomats and are likely to impose more sanctions on Russia at meetings of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), G-7 and EU diplomats. Meanwhile, the EU’s executive branch has proposed imposing sanctions on coal imports from Russia for an estimated ₹4.4 billion per year.